People generally use carbohydrates as their food of choice in bulimia, though they may choose fatty foods as well. These are mood altering by way of the serotonergic system, and they also lead to a sense of fullness by filling the stomach and putting pressure on the diapgragm. — Leslie E. Korn Ph.D., MPH, LMHC, ACS, NTP
If you are a bulimic, you’d have an irrepressible and unmanageable urge to gorge followed by a relentless impulse to spew out the large quantity of food consumed. Almost all bulimics follow a similar pattern like yours, of first bingeing and thereafter purging, all with the sole objective of staying as slim as possible. Bulimia nervosa, like anorexia, is more of a psychological disorder that is brought about by the interaction of an array of risk factors, including genetic, environmental, societal, and behavioral.
Bulimia as an eating disorder usually predominates in women compared to men, particularly when they are in their teens, twenties, and thirties. However bulimics can expect a full recovery, thanks to the availability of advanced inpatient and outpatient treatment options. Following are some startling facts about bulimia nervosa:
- Bulimia nervosa is idiopathic, i.e. there is no single cause which can be held responsible for triggering the outbreak or development of the disorder in an individual
- The eating disorder could be genetic-You’re at greater or higher risk of developing the disorder if someone in your immediate family or a close relative has any type of eating disorder
Bulimia nervosa afflicts approximately 4% of women and 0.5% of men in the US. Nearly 4% of those suffering from bulimia will die from the disease and nearly all struggling with the illness experience serious medical and/ or emotional effects. — Alexis Conason Psy.D.
- It is the society, you stupid-Western societies tend to be obsessed with slimness and always urge individuals to keep weight as low as possible. Obesity is considered a taboo. Therefore people, mostly women are fixated with maintaining a reed thin figure in order to make selves more appealing, and often end up developing detrimental eating habits.
- The disorderliness exists more in the mind-Apparently, bulimia is an eating disorder but in reality, the disorderliness is mental. Bulimics find bingeing as a means of escapement from feelings of shame, guilt, or suicide that cause emotional turmoil. Bulimia is often co-morbid or in other words, bulimia patients often suffer from an additional health issue or issues that could be physical or mental or both.
If the statistic published by ‘National Association of Anorexia Nervosa and Associated Disorders’ is to be believed, then bulimia along with anorexia and binge-eating disorder are amongst the most fatalistic mental disorders in the US.
- Bulimics find themselves trapped in a web of obsessive habits-As a bulimic you’d find yourself struggling hard to contain your food cravings. You’d be storing food items in the unlikeliest of places (apart from the regular ones) so that you can access the same whenever you wish to. At the same time, you’ll be continually stocking up on laxatives, diuretics, and emetics-medicines that induce regurgitation.
You’d also have the compulsive need to exercising strenuously in order to burn calories. To accelerate the calorie torching process, you may also resort to starving, doing without big meals and surviving on tidbits.
- Bulimia can prove to be very damaging for women-Female bulimics will experience problems with menstrual cycles often missing periods. Pregnant women could be at risk of suffering miscarriages, giving birth to stillborns or giving birth to babies with congenital defects, and so on
The person restricting calories, bingeing, purging, or excessively exercising may become anxious about getting caught or irritable when accusing a loved one of being unfairly suspicious or “controlling.” — Lisa Ferentz LCSW-C, DAPA
- Bulimia can play havoc with the well-being of the affected person-Individuals with bulimia will have weakened digestive and metabolic systems. Electrolyte imbalance, anemia, dehydration, dry skin, ulcers, kidney failure, gastrointestinal issues, and esophageal ruptures are some common problems that bulimics face.
- A good proportion of bulimics happen to be men-Though members of the opposite sex are more vulnerable to bulimia nervosa, men are equally at risk of developing the eating disorder. 15% of individuals undergoing treatment for various eating disorders happen to be men, as per reports released by ANAD.
- The road to recovery is a long one and can be challenging-It might take months, if not years for a bulimic to recuperate fully and get back to living a healthy life.
Patients of bulimia need to realize that a combination of effective treatment plans that integrate supervised dietary regimen, scientific workout schedule, psychotherapy sessions, and an appropriate medication system will help them to recover.